Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Publications Database

The Pricing and Performance of Cryptocurrency

Momtaz, P.
ISSN-Print: 1351-847X
Link External Source: Online Version
Year: 2019
Keywords: Initial coin offering; Token sale; Token offering; Cryptocurrency; Blockchain; Smart contracts

This paper examines the performance of cryptocurrencies issued in initial coin offerings (ICOs) over a three-year period after the initial exchange listing. Average (median) ICO underpricing amounts to 15% (3%), even though 4 out of 10 ICOs destroy value on the first trading day. Liquidity, market capitalization, and high-low price ratios predict returns. Long-run buy-and-hold returns are positive for the mean and negative for the median. For holding periods between one and twenty-four months, the median ICO depreciates by 30%. Evidently, there is substantial positive skewness in the cryptocurrency market. Further, a size effect emerges from the data as an empirical regularity: Large ICOs are more often overpriced and underperform in the long run.