Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Publications Database

Wage differences between Austrian men and woman in Austria: Semper idem?

Böheim, Rene
Hofer, Helmut
Volume: 34
Number: 4
Pages: 213 - 229
Month: July
ISSN-Print: 0340-8744
Link External Source: Online Version
Year: 2007
Keywords: Wage differentials; Wage inequality; Decomposition
Abstract: In most OECD countries, the wage gap between men and women has narrowed during the past two decades. Developments of the last 20 years, e.g., increased labour market attachment of women or the introduction of equal pay laws, may have reduced the gender wage gap. We investigate the extent, persistence, and socio-economic determinants of the gender wage gap in Austria, for the years 1983 and 1997. Using wage decomposition techniques, we find that the average gender wage gap was almost as high in 1997 as it was in 1983. Not accounting for differences, the gender wage gap dropped from 25.5 to 23.3% of men’s wages. Taking observable differences between men and women into account, we estimate that the mean gender wage gap that cannot be explained, i.e., discrimination against women, dropped from 17 to 14% of men’s wages. A decomposition of the gender wage gap over time indicates that both returns to human capital and less discrimination were responsible for the narrowing of the gender wage gap.