Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Publications Database

Economic Factors of Victimization: Evidence from Germany

Volume: 4
Number: 4
Pages: 391 - 407
Month: November
ISSN-Print: 1465-6485
Link External Source: Online Version
Year: 2015
Keywords: Victimization; Offending; Micro data; Recursive bivariate Probit

Victimization is a poorly studied topic in economic research. This paper considers economic factors of victimization using individual data. It tests the rational-choice-based hypothesis that the more attractive and poorly guarded targets are facing a higher risk of victimization. The used dataset also covers own criminal activities such that individual offending behavior can be studied as endogenous driver of victimization. Econometric results confirm that a criminal background is one of the major reasons of own victimization. In line with rational choice behavior of offenders, victimization is also associated with being a job holder and more schooling. Moreover, large peer groups increase the risk of victimization, whereas married and healthy people have a significantly lower risk of becoming a crime victim.