Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Publications Database

Testing for Monotonicity under Endogeneity - An Application to the Reservation Wage Function

Volume: 190
Pages: 100 - 114
ISSN-Print: 0304-4076
Link External Source: Online Version
Year: 2016
Keywords: Control Function, Endogeneity, Reservation Wages, Test for Monotonicity

This paper develops a test for monotonicity of nonparametric regression models under endogeneity, which in its generality is novel in the literature. The test statistic, which is built upon a second order U-process, introduces `correction terms' based on control functions that purge the endogeneity. The test has a non-standard asymptotic distribution from which asymptotic critical values can directly be derived. Furthermore, the test statistic is extended to accomodate multivariate (exogenous) regressors. Consistency against general alternatives is proved and the finite sample properties of the test are examined in a Monte Carlo experiment. The test is used to formally assess the monotonicity of the reservation wage as a declining function of elapsed unemployment duration, which has implications for underlying job search models. This relationship is difficult to measure due to the simultaneity of both variables. Results for UK data indicate that reservation wage functions do in fact not decline monotonically thereby contradicting some partial equilibrium job search models.