Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Publications Database

Private versus Social Returns to Human Capital: Education and Economic Growth in India

Playforth, John
Volume: 66
Pages: 266 - 283
Month: February
ISSN-Print: 0014-2921
Link External Source: Online Version
Year: 2014
Keywords: Economic growth; Human capital; India

This paper investigates whether differences between private and social returns to education of government sector employees can contribute to an explanation of the “micro–macro paradox” in the literature on education and growth. We hypothesize that in India educated people find privately rewarding jobs in a sector in which social returns are low, namely the government sector. This could help explain high returns to education at the micro level and small or negative coefficients on education growth in growth regressions at the macro level. The empirical results, which are consistent with this hypothesis, are based on an analysis of state-level data from India spanning 40 years.